I wonder whether there is already an established vocabulary/typology out there to distinguish among different types of hyper-active following. I add "hyper" because following is not a passive activity by default (I have experiences of dancing with totally passive followers who seem to expect me to even move their legs instead of them), but there are certain ways of interacting with the lead which noticeably deviate from the common thumb-rule of lead-follow separation in tango. Here is my current list with some explanation. I almost exclusively dance in close embrace, I guess there are other distinct types of hyper-active followings in nuevo. Any suggestions/references would be appreciated! - "Embellishments": these make use of degrees of freedom left open by the lead. They only interfere with the lead in case the follower misjudges whether the lead indeed leaves open a degree of freedom, in which case the leader needs to accommodate the follower. - "Adding energy": the follower, on the basis of an educated guess about the step/step pattern which is lead, adds an extra umpf to the step. "Adding energy" typically happens during certain giros. [Some instructors say that when a follower takes a forward step she needs to "lead"; I think this is a misnomer and this extra forward "lead" during the followers forward step also falls into the "adding energy" category.] - "Step backleading": the follower makes the leader to take a step which he wouldn't have intended to take otherwise. The follower directly interferes with the lead, usually by pulling the leader into a step. The leader is not really leading the step she takes, but the roles are not changed in the sense that the leader could have lead the step as a leader and the follower could have taken the step she takes by simply following the named lead. - "Lead backleading": the follower makes the leader to lead a step which he wouldn't have intended to lead otherwise. Note the difference with "step backleading": in "lead backleading" the follower does follow what the leader leads, but she tries to influence what is going to be the lead itself. This can be done in more overt or more covert ways; in its most advanced form "lead backleading" is invisible to the leader himself. - "Changing roles": I only add this here to clearly distinguish it from "overtaking the lead". The partners swap the follower-leader role by first explicitly changing the dance frame (hand positions). This is not a type of hyper-active following (or it is only to the extent that it might be the follower who proposes the change), simply a change of the role of leading and following between people who know how to do both. - "Overtaking the lead": the partners swap roles of leading and following during the dance without any explicit indication of the change in roles by changing the dance frame (hand positions), but by mere injection of the lead on the part of the follower, to which the leader reacts by assuming a follower role. The roles don't get blurred - it is always clear who leads and who follows - but who assumes which role changes throughout the dance; for short stretches of time the original leader takes follower steps and follows while the original follower takes leader steps and leads. Requires partners who both mastered both leading and following in the same dance frame.