*Keep in mind this is only what I do, and is not necessarily accurate!* 1) The body may not go entirely over the foot, but to really shift weight, the body has to move over the foot (else, there is no weight to shift!). It is much easier to do this when you take small steps, so you're not traveling very far, because your steps are short. If the lady is turning on 5, the man MUST actually step back some or the lady will run into him when she steps forward to turn! (and vice versa for a man turning on 1). 2) The heel touches the floor. The toe comes down first, then the heel. When the heel comes down, the leg will straighten, and the hip will settle. 3) I think boriken is referring to breaking each count down in half (1 and 2 and 3 and 4 and -- like going from 4th notes to 8th notes, or from 4th to 16th would be: 1 e and a 2 e and a 3 e and a 4 e and a ... etc). So the AND is the 2nd half of the 4th count (logically, every slice of time in music or anything can be split in half infinitely right?). I'm not sure if he's talking about dancing on 1 or on 2. Some other posts have indicated that others step on the 4, or combine the step to make it on the 3/4 so it "oozes", but I'm not sure exactly. I step on 3, HOLD on 4 (shift weight, but no step), so I'd need some clarification about what he means when stepping on the first half of 4 and then shifting on the second half.