The famous actor was raised by his grandparents and thought that his mom June was really his sister. He didn't find out the truth until 1974 when a Time magazine reporter researched his life and uncovered the facts.
This is one actor who really gets into his roles. While playing Al in "Birdy" (1984) Nic Cage reportedly had two of his own teeth pulled when it called for his character to go through that immense pain.
Spiders originally started producing silk for reasons other than web-making. When spiders moved from the water to the land in the Early Devonian period, they started making silk to protect their bodies and their eggs. Spiders gradually started using silk for hunting purposes, first as guide lines and signal lines, then as ground or bush webs, and eventually as the aerial webs which are so famous today.
The tarantula has silk making glands on its feet....
Yeast: By the late 18th century, two yeast strains used in brewing had been identified: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, so called top fermenting yeast, and S. carlsbergensis, bottom fermenting yeast. S. cerevisiae has been sold commercially by the Dutch for bread making since 1780; while around 1800, the Germans started producing S. cerevisiae in the form of cream. In 1825 a method was developed to remove the liquid so the yeast could be prepared as solid blocks. The industrial production of yeast blocks was enhanced by the introduction of the filter press in 1867. In 1872, Baron Max de Springer developed a manufacturing process to create granulated yeast, a technique that was used until the first World War. In the United States, naturally occurring airborne yeasts were used almost exclusively until commercial yeast was marketed at the Centennial Exposition in 1876 in Philadelphia, where Charles L. Fleischmann exhibited the product and a process to use it, as well as serving the resultant baked bread.
Brewing yeasts may be classed as "top cropping" (or "top fermenting") and "bottom cropping" (or "bottom-fermenting"). Top cropping yeasts are so called because they form a foam at the top of the wort during fermentation. An example of a top cropping yeast is Saccharomyces cerevisiae, sometimes called an "ale yeast". Bottom cropping yeasts are typically used to produce lager-type beers, are so called because they form a foam at the bottom of the wort though they can also produce ale-type beers. These yeasts ferment well at low temperatures. An example of bottom cropping yeast is Saccharomyces pastorianus, formerly known as S. carlsbergensis.
The name Friday comes from the Old English Frīġedæġ, meaning the "day of Frige" (Frige being a Germanic love goddess from mythology). The same holds for Frīatag in Old High German, Freitag in Modern German and Vrijdag in Dutch.